Created  Apr. 26, 2018                   updated   Jun 4,  2018                                           Truth1's Related Info site 


Paul Yves Pezron -- The Antiquities of Nations;

more particularly of the Celtae or Gauls, taken to be originally the same people as our ancient Britains.

Book 3 (III)

Chap. I.         (1)          A Table of Greek Words, taken from the Celtick or Gaulish Language.          235 - 261

Chap. II.       (2)          A Table of Latin Words taken form the Celtick or Gaulish Language.            262 - 290

Chap. III.      (3)          A Table of the Teutonick, or German Words,
                                            that are taken from the Celtick Language
                                          291 - 312


Chapter I  (1)

pg 235

A Table of Greek Words, taken from the Celtick or Gaulish Language.

                        A

Αηρ  Aer, Air, comes from the Celtic word Aer.

Αρχτσς  Ursus, a Bear from the Celtic Arth; the Artick Pole took its name from hence, because of the Sign of the Two Bears near it.

Αελλα  Ventus Procellosus, tempestuous wind, comes from the Celtic Auel, or Avel, Wind; and from thence comes (AUN), Flatus, which is much the same thing.

Αυρον  Aurum, Gold, an ancient Greek word, taken from the Celtae, who say Aur; thence came (Arous), Dives, Opulentus, Rich, Wealthy, and (GR), Thesaurus, UnThresor.

 

pg 236

Αροω  Aro, to plough, comes from the Celtick, Ar, Earth, from which they Αρορα  Arvum, Terra arabilis, Arable Land.

Αλλον  alius, Another, from the Celtick All.

Αμμα  En: Amma, Vinculum, a Band, or Chain, from the Celtick Amar; whence they say  Amarer, , a Shipboard, to bind with a Rope.

 Αγχονη  En: Agkonee  (agony)

Mors violenta, a violent Death, by Suffocations; comes from the Celtick Word Ancoun.

Αλφος  En: (Alphos)   Antiquitus" aux, white,

from the Celtick Alp ; and from thence came the Alps, which are Mountains always white, as being covered with Snow. 

Αγχυρα   Achora, an Anchor, from the Celtick Angor, or Ancor.

Αμυνω  En: Amuno (Amoo-no), Opem fero, defendo, to help, to defend, is derived from the Celtic  Amoyn, as signifying the same Thing.

ΑνωΓνω  En: Anogno;  hotor, suadeo, to exhort, to persuade, from the Celtick Annog

That we may not be long; and consequently tedious, I shall here pass over a great many others under the Letter {A}

ΑλΦα  En: Alpha; for by the Computation that I have made, there are at least Fifty that might be produced.

B

Bορα'  En: Bora, Cibus, Esca, anything that may be eaten, comes from the Celtick, Bara, Bread.

Βρυν  Mamma, the Breast, comes from the Celtick, Bron, being a Word which Infants at

This

237

this Day use, who say Mam Bron, that is Mamma, give me the Breast; and thence came the Word Βρoματιζω, Lacto, to give Suck.

 

Βρανχια, Branchiae, the Gills of Fishes, from the Celtick, Brenc.

Βραχιον, Brachium, an Arm, from the Celtick, Brech.

Βρυτηρ,  Fraenum, a Bridle, from the Celtick, Brid.

Βαλλισμος  Tripudium, a Ball, Dance, from the Celtick Ball, from whence came Tripudio, to Dance.

Βους, Bos, an Ox, from the Celtick Bu, and so came to the Bo of the Greeks, which signifies any Thing that is Big and Terrible.

Βαχη, Ponto, Cimba trajectoria, a Boat, comes from Bac of the Celtae.

Βηχη, Capra, a Goat, taken from the Celtic Bicq, for they say in several other Places in France, un Bique.

Βροχος Vas Vinarium, a Wine Vessel, comes from Broth of the Celtae.

Βουβαloς, Bubalus, a Bustler, from the Celtick, Bual, which signifies the same as Bar all i.e. Bos alius, another sort of Ox.

I have above Sixty more Greek Words under B, or “Βητα,” (Βετα) that might be taken from the Celtick Tongue.

C

Κυων, Canis, a Dog, comes from Ki of the Celtae. Its observable that Κυων in the Genitive makes Κυνος, because

the

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the same Cute said Kun or Koun for Dogs; from χι, comes χινος to move; because a Dog is continually ranging up and down.

Κρανιον,  Cranium, a Skull, from the Celtick Cren, fo called from its Roundnefsi

Κρυος,  Glacier, Ice, from the Celtick Crou, or Gram.

Καρρον,  Currus, a Charriot, from the Celtic*, Carr.

Καττος,  Catus, Felis, a Cat, from the Celtick Word, Cat or Caz.

Κανναβις,  Cannabis, Hemp, comes from Canab of the Celtae.

Κιχχος, Gallus Gallinaceus, a Cock, taken from the Celtick Word Coq.

Κωνος Cuneus, a Wedge, from Caen or Cyn.

Kογχη,  Concha, a Shell, from the Celtick, Coque.

Κιρχος,  Genus Accipitris, Falco, a Falcon, from the Celtick, Cyrch)), an impetuous Wind amongst the Gauls and the Circius of the Romans, because this Bird falls with Fury upon his Prey.

Kυω,  in the Future, Κυσω, osculor, to kiss, from the Celtick, Cus, which signifies Osculum, a Kiss.

Καπων,  Capo, a Capon, from the Celtick, Capon.

Κανδηλα,  Candela, a Candle, from the Celtick, Cantal.

Κυτοω & Χευθω,  tego, obscondo, to hide, come from the Celtick Cuta, and Cuter, that signifies the same thing.

Καρυον,

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Καρυον, Nux, a Nut, from the Celtick Craouon.

Κηρος,  Cera, Wax, taken from the Celtick Coir.

Καυλος, Caulis, Cabbage, from the Celtick Caul.

Κιση, Cista, Arca, a Chest, from the Celtick, cist.

Κεραυνος, Tonitru, Fulmen, Thunder, Thunder-bolt, from the Celtick Curaun, Thunder.

Καρνον, Buccina, a Trumpet, comes from the Celtick Carn, or Corn, a Horn; because their Trumpets, in Ancient Times, were made of Horn.

Κεςος, Cestus, a Girdle, from the Celtick Cest, which signifies a Belly.

             

Κρουω,   pulso, percutio, to strike one thing against another. This Word, by transposing of One Letter, comes from the Celtick Curo, and that from the Sabin Word Curis, a Lance, which in their Day they used to strike upon their Shields ; and it was from this Word Curis, that the Romans, after their Incorporation with the Sabines, were called Curites, and afterwards Quirites. Neither the Greeks nor Romans knew these, and a great many more Things, because they were ignorant that their Language came from the Titans and Celtae.

I could have produced an Hundred and Twenty more under Kαππa, which goes for C, but thought these were enough to show, that I have not advanced Things lightly and without Consideration.

Δρυς,

pg 240

Δρυς,  Quercus an Oak, from the Celtick or Gaulish Word Deru, from which compounded with  Hud, Inchantment, comes that of Druhicide, which has been softened to Druidae, Druids ; they were the Priests, the Sages Diviners and Magicians of the Ancient Gauls, who gave them this Name, because they practiced their Divinations and Enchantments in Woods, and especially under Oaks. In short, the Celtick Word Hud, Iucantatio, came from the Greek Υδεω, or Υδω, Canto, and anciently Incanto: From these Two Celtick Words comes the Δρυαδες of the Greeks, which were the Dryades, of whom we have no Room to speak in this Place; they were almost the same as the Faunae and Fatuae of the Romans.

Δουνος, an ancient Greek word, the sameas Βουνος, Collis, a Hill, from the Celtick Dun, that imports the same thing ; thence we still say the Downes, or Dunes; for the Sand Hills upon the Sea-shore. And this is the Reason that so many Celtick Cities end in dunum and Plutarch was in the right in saying, that Lugdunum, Lyons, signified the Hill of Ravens.

Δαχρυον, Lachryma, a Tear, from the Celtick Daigr.

Δειλος, Timidus, Fearful, from the Celtick Deilen, a Leaf; because the Fearful tremble like a Leaf.

Διχταμον

pg   241

Διχταμον,  Dictamnum, Dittany, from the Celtick Dittain, which signifies the same thing.

Δολος,  Polar, Fraud, from the Celtic Dol.

Δωρος,  Palmus, the Palm of the Hand, from the Celtick Dour, which Word Dour also signifies Water ; from whence, by Transposition came the Greek Word Υδωρ, Aqua : From the Word Dour the Romans have made Durum, a Word which ends the Names of several Cities amongst the Ancient Celtae, because they were situated near unto Water.

Δυνω,  Mergo, to drown, from the Celtick Doun, Deep.

Δινη,  AquarumVortex, a Whirl-pool, from the Celtick Duin.

Δις, in the Genitive Διος, the Ancient Word for Jupiter, taken from di of the Celtae, which signifies Day, or Light. But Jupiter was called Di by the Cretans, quasi Lucidas, or Lucetius, the Father of Light, as the Ancient Salians term'd him. Moreover, from Di of the Gauls came Dies of the Romans; and here by the way we are to observe, That, among the Greeks, Jupiter, which should be pronounced Joupiter, is commonly called Ζευς, but in the Oblique Cases Διος, Διι, Δια, as from the Nominative Dis. Sometimes indeed they used also Ξηνος, Ξηνι, Ξηνα, in the Oblique Cases,

from Ξην, called Ξαν by the Dorians.

Something like this we also meet with in the Latin Word Jupiter, or Joupiter, which instead of Jupitris, etc. in the Genitive,

makes

pg 242

makes Jovis, Jovi, Jovem; and This, because the Ancient Latins formed Jovis from the Celtick Jou, Jupiter, still called so among the Gauls or Bretons. I fancy some of the Learned may be pleased with my clearing up of these Things, which have been often puzzled by the Greeks and Romans.

E

ΕΝΝΟΣ Vetus, Antiquus, Old, Ancient, is taken from the Celtick Henn, that signifies the same Thing. And here let me observe, That the last Day of the Month amongst the Ancient Greeks was called Ενα  χαι  vεα; that is, Vetus and Nova; Ημηρα, Dies, a Day, being understood, or rather Σεληνη, Luna, the Moon. Indeed they had Reason to call the Thirtieth Day of the Lunar Month, the old and new Moon, because that on it the Moon, which made its Revolution in Nine and Twenty Days and Twelve Hours, finished and completed it, and so was found to be 'Eva xai Νεα, both Old and New; as 'Eννος οv Eνος is taken from the Celtae; so Nεος, Novus, comes from Neves, which in their Language signifies New.

Ευνη,  Cubile, a Bed, a Place to rest on, comes from the Celtick, Hun; which is Sleep. Its well known, that from Ευνη comes Ευνουχος,an Eunuch; because that in Ancient Times they had the Care of the Bedchambers, even of Princes themselves. Ελαιον, Oleum, Oyl, from the Celtick Eli, though others say Eol for Oyl.

Εια

243

Εια, gramen, Faenum, Hay, Grass, from the Celtick, Hei.

Ειδεω, Scio; to know, from the Celtic Eduyn.

F

Φορνος, Furnus, an Oven, from the Celtick Forn, signifying the same thing; and from the Gaulish Word Forn, came the Latin Fornax, a Furnace, as from Fornax Came Fornix, a Vault; because Furnaces were from very ancient Times made in Vaults. Here it is to be observed, that the Letter F, which is so common in the Celtick Tongue, has not for above. Two thousand Years been found among the Grecians, who use Phi instead of it. However, the most Ancient Greeks did use it, and called it the Di-gamma of the Eolians, as being common amongst them ; and therefore it is no strange Thing, that, instead of the F, I should here make use of the Greek Phi, that was substituted in the Room of it. Φισχος,  Fiscus,  Money, from the Celtick Fisc.

 

Φαρ, Praedo, Fur, a Thief or Robber, that dexterously does his Business, from Fur of the Celtae, which in their Language signified a cunning, sharp, and dexterous Person, for he must be such that would be a Robber; from whence came the Latin Words Fur and furari

Φρονεω, Sapio, prudens sum, to be Wise and Prudent, is taken from the Celtick Fron, the Nostrils, it having been always said of

a

244

a Prudent and Cunning Man, that he had a good Nose; in Latin, Vir emunctae Naris.

Φιαλη,  Phiala, a Viol, from the Celtick Fiol

Φεναξ,  Deceptor, callidus, a subtil and deceitful Man, from the Celtick Fin.

Φλοξ,  Flamma, a Flame, from the Celtick Fagl; from whence also the Verb  Φλεγω  comburo, inflammo.

Φερετρον,  Pheretrum, a Quiver, comes from the Celtick Fiertr.

Φαννος & Φαεννος  Clarus, Lucidus, Clear, Bright, Shining, from the Celtick Fin.

Φοπον & Φοπος,  Vey, Forum, Mercatus, a Fair, or Market, from the Celtick Foir, and Feur signifies the same Thing.

Φλαω,  Tundo, Frango, Percutio, to bruise, beat, batter, from the Celtic. Flau, a Flail, with which they thrash the Corn.

Γοιωος,  Vinum, Wine, is taken from the Celtick Gouin and Guin, which signifies the same Thing, as by Bara they mean Bread. From thence came Baragon, and Baragoiner, in French, properly to signifie imperfect Speaking, as Children do when they begin to ask for Bread and Wine.

Γυψ,  in the Genitive Γυπος, Vultur,  γυπος, Vulture, comes from the Celtick Gup, that Bird of Prey, so named by the Celia , so the Ancient Greeks named it Γυψ, and formed the Genitive  Γυπος.

Γιγας;

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Γιγας;  Gigas, a Giant, comes from the Celtick Gigas, importing the same thing; and that you may be put out of doubt concerning it, it's derived from Gug:, which amongst the Gauls signified Proud, insolent, Arrogant, Haughty ; and Guas, a Man. And they had Reason to give them this Name, because the Giants were by reason of their Strength, Fierce, Proud and Haughty ; but observe that Γιγας in the Genitive makes Γιγαντος, and the Celtae still call them Giants.

Γρανον,  Granum, a Grain, from the Celtick reuncn.

Γαυroς, Gestiens, Hilaris, a merry Man, who frisks continually, and the same is taken from Gaour or Gaure, a Goat, because these Sort of Animals are always Jumping and Capering.

Γλια,  Gluten, Glue, from the Celtick Word Glu.

Γεναος,  Mentum, a Chin, from the Celtick Gen, which. Greek Word also signifies a Beard.

Γερανος, Grus, a Crane, a Sort of Bird, taken from the Celtick Garan.

Γρυλλιζω     Γρανιζω, Grunnio, to grunt like a Hog, comes from Groin, which is the Snout of theσe Animals, from Groin comes  Γρυλλος,  Porcus, & vox Porcorum , as also Γρυλλιζω, Grunnio.

Γαρ, Nam, Enim, For, comes from the Celtick, Rac, so that the Γαρ of the Greeks, and the French Word Car is only the Reverse of Rac,

Γλαζω,

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Γλαζω, Clamo, to cry out, comes from the Celtick. Glas, which is properly a mournful Cry or Noire, such as is made for the Dead; and hence it is that they say in many Places in France, Sonner un Glas, which is done for the Dead. They say also Sonner un lais, from whence the Lessus of the Romans, that is, in the twelve Tables, and signifies properly Clamor, or Ejulatus lugubris,  Γραιχος,  Γαιος & Γρηιος, Antiquus, Vetus, Ancient, Old. comes from the Celtae who say Grec, Groec, and Grai, to signifie the same thing ; and hence the most ancient Inhabitants of Greece have been called Γραιχος or Γραιος, that is, Old Inhabitants of the Country, to distinguish them from Strangers, that came amongst them, such as the Titans and the Hellenes, who came from Hellenus, the Son of Deucalion, and by Descent were Barbarians.

This is so far true, that  Γραιουμας, amongst the Greeks themselves, signifies as much as Senesco, and Γραια is the same thing as Anus, Vetula, an old Woman.

The Greeks did not know these Things, nor a great many more, which they have passed over in Silence, that they might not be puzzled with them.

There are but few Greek Words derived from the Celtick, that begin with H and I and therefore I proceed to the other Letters.

L.

Λιμνη, Palus; Stagnum, Lacus, a Lake,  Marsh, Mass of Water, comes from the Celtick Lin, Len, and Lan, that imports the same thing; and hence undoubtedly they

Used

247     

used Λαωος & Ληωος for Lacus Torcularis,  a Press, Tub or Trough.

Λαμνα, Lamina, a Blade, from the Celtick Word Lamen.

Λαμπρος, Clarus, Luceus, Splendidus , Clear,Bright, comes from the Celtick Lampr, a Lamp.

Λαρδος, Lardum, Bacon, from the Celtick Lard.

Λαζω, Capio, to take, comes from the Celtae, who say Law, to signifie a Hand, with which they lay hold on, or take any thing.

Λινον, Linam, Flax, from the Celtick Lin.

Λειριον, Lilium, a Lilly, comes from the Lilly of the Celtae.

Λυγιος, Niger, Black, comes from Lug or Loug, that among the ancient Gauls signified a Raven ; and Λυγος in Greek is the same thing as Nigredo, Tenebrae.

Λονχαδες, Oculi, Eyes, from the Celtick Lugat or Logad, an Eye.

[Ed: e,i, & s can look nearly the same as the ink absorbed as was the case below. Not sure of the “ei.”]

*Λωτιζειν, Partem sumere, to take one's Part or Lot, comes from the Celtick Lot, a Part, and from thence Letir and Lotter.

Ληςης, Praedo, Pirata, a Pyrat, comes From Laestr, which even now among the Celts signifies a Bark or Ship, and in the Plural is Lestri. And this is so true, that we do not say Λησιχον, but Ληςριχον, with a single Ro, to denote Sea Rovers and Pirates. They also called a Crew of them  Ληςιχον;  And  Ληςριδες νηες, are Brigantines or Pirates Ships.  From Lestri comes the famous Name of Λαιςυγονες, who were the ancient Laestrigons, whom the Poets, following Homer in their frightful and ridiculous Fa-

bles,

248

bles, made to be Man eaters., for which same Historians laugh at them. They were therefore those Pirates, from among the Barbarians, which in very ancient Times settled in Sicily, and some other Places, and they being, as it were, born and brought up in their Ships, which they called Lestri, they had from thence the Name of Lestrigones; and that is the Reason that some ancient Authors call them the Sons of Neptune. It's therefore plain, that the Celtick Tongue in these early Times prevailed much in Greece, Italy and Sicily too, for which I have all the convincing Reasons imaginable, which may be been elsewhere, if it shall be thought proper for the Benefit of the Publick.

M

Μεις, Menfis, a Month, a Word certainly taken from the ancient Gauls, for the Bretons, and the Welsh now say Mis, to signifie the same thing. They were the Eolians, whose Language was almost wholly intermixt with the Celtick, that called it Μις instead of Μην. They also used Μεις,

Δελφινιος, Mensis Delphinius:, in Egina.

Μελιν,  Millium, Millet, comes from the Celtick Mel, that imports the same; and because Millet is Yellow, hence the Cate said, and their Descendents still do, Melen or Melin, for Yellow Colour, from which the Greeks made Μηλινος, Melinus, that is, Flavus, Luteus, Yellow. And hence the Peasants in Bretagne often say, Melin, Coir, to signifie as much as yellow Wax.

Μυρμος

249

Μυρμος,  Formicae, Ants, taken from the  Celtick Milin, the same; hence they made Μυρμεχια, a Swarm of Ants, being a Compound of Μυρ and Μηχος, being as much as to say, a Swarm of Ants.

Μυλη, Mola, Molendinum, a Mill, taken from the Celtick Milin.

Μινθα,  Mentha, Mint, taken from the Celtick Mintys.

Μυω,  Os Claudo, to shut the Mouth, comes from the Celtick Mu, that signifies the same thing; from thence comes, Μυςης Sacra discens, Sacris initiatus, one who is taught Mysteries, and has his Mouth shut up, that he may not disclose them. Thence in all Appearance came Μυςηριον, Mystery.

Μανδυη & Mαδυς, Pallium Muliebre, anciently a Mantle wore by Women and Maidens; it comes from Mante of the Celts, and from thence Mantle.

Μαλλος, Villas, a Yellow Skin, with the Hair on, taken from the Celtick Malle from whence came the French, Malle.

Μαννος, Parvus Equus, a little Horse, was taken from the Celtick Man, Little.

Μινυθω, Minuo, to Diminish, and make Little, comes from the Celtick Minut and Menu, and from this last Minutus, Parvus.

Μεθυ,  Vinum, Wine, is taken from the Celtick Meddy, which is the Mulsum of the Romans, and our sweet Wines; thence they formed Μεθυω,), Ebrius sum:, and Μεθη, Ebrietas.

xxx, and anciently xxx, Avia & Mater, Grandmother and Mother, comes

from

250

from the Celtick Mam, a Mother, and Mau to denote a Grandmother, being as much as to say, Old Mother, Cos signifying Old; from whence came the Cossi of the ancient Latins: Μαμμαν among the ancient Grecians, as well as with us, was the Voice of Infants crying for the Mother. Moreover, the Greek Word, Αττα, Pater, by the Transposition of one Letter comes from Τατα, and this from Tat, that signifies Father among the Celtae. The same may be said of Παππα, Father, from whence came Παππας, signifying the same thing. All these Words, which were common among the Grecians, Romans, and other Nations, were taken from the ancient Language of the Titans or Gauls, who in the first Ages of the World made themselves Masters of all Europe, and a Part of Asia.

 

Μεσπιλον,  Mespilum, a Medlar, came from Mesperen, which in the Celtick Language signified the same thing.

Μουσα, properly Cantus, a Song, from whence came Μουσιχη, Musica, came from the Celtae, who used the Word Moues for a Song, and among the Eolians they said Μουα "  for Cantilena, a Song.

The Muses, Μουσαι, took their Name from hence, because they made and sung Verses; and we can produce Authorities, that the true and most ancient of them were Contemporaries with Saturn and Jupiter and if I am not mistaken, of the Titan Race.

Μωχος, Irrisor, a Derider, who could imagine that this Work should be taken from the Action of a Swine, and yet it is so

251

so; for it comes from Moch, Swine, among the Celtae; and as a Hog, in grubbing the Earth, perpetually turns up his Snout into the Air ; in the same manner Men do, when they deride others. So from the Word Moch the Greeks have made Μωχος, Irrisor, Μωχια, Sannia, Derisio: Nay, the Celtae themselves use Moccio for Deriding; for the French took from them this and many other Words. Again, the Laconians, or Lacedemonians, from Gore, which among the Gauls signified a Sowe, made Γωριαω, Irrido, Subssannio. From Gore of the Celtae the Greeks made Χοιρος, Sus, Porcus.

The ancient Scholiasts had Reason to say, that this Word was of the Feminine Gender among the ancient Greeks, but they did not know it was so, because it came originally from Gore of the Celtae, which is Sus faemina, a Sowe. All which, with many more that might be alledged, invincibly prove, that the ancient Greeks took a great Number of Words from the Celtae. I shall not produce any Words under the Letter M, that have been borrowed of the Gauls, though I may account for about Fifty in another Work, which in Time may see the Light.

N.

Νγξ.; Nox, Night, comes from Nos of the Celtae, as well as the Latin Word Nox, and it's probable that anciently they used Nus for Night.

Νευρον,

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Νευρον/Νευχρον, Nervus, a Nerve, comes from the Celtick Nerven.

 

Νεος,  Novus, New, comes from the Celtick Neu or Neves.

 

Νεφος,  Nubes, Clouds, comes from the Celtick Word Nef, and from thence Νιφω, Ningo, to Snow.

Νεσσια/Νεοσσια, Nidus, Bird's Nest, comes from the Celtick Neis.

Νηδος, , Nudus, Naked, comes from the Celtick Noeth.

Νοτις, Humor, seu Succus Arborum, Moisture, or the Juice of Trees and Plants, comes from the Celtick Nodd.

Νηηθω & Νηδω,  Filum, Thread, from the Celtick Nent, signifying the same thing.

Νηηθω & Νηδω, Neo, to Spin, is a word taken from the Celtick, wherein, according to the Variation of Dialects, they say Neza and Niddu.

Νεθελη,Nebula, Caligo, a thick Cloud, comes from Niful, or Niul of the Celtae, and Niul seems to have been derived from the word Nielle,, which spoils the Corn.

 

Ολος,  Totus, the whole, is plainly taken from the Celtick Oll.

Οισυη, Vimen, Twig, is taken from the Celtick Osiae.

Ουρα,  Finis, Terminus, the End, comes from the Celtick Oree.

Οπις, Clamor, a Cry, comes from Op of the Celtae.

Ουλος, Crispus, Undans, curled like a

Wave,

253

Wave comes from the Celtick Houl, which signifies a wave and Surge.

Οαριζω, Ludo, confabulor, to Laugh, and be Merry, comes without doubt from the Celtick Hoari, that signifies the same thing and thence came Οαρος, Lulus, confabulatio; as also υαριςης, Collusor, Confabulator.

Οργλος, Iracundus, an angry Man, comes from the Celtick Orgueil, to denote a Proud, Haughty Person, who is commonly of an Hasty and Cholerick Temper.

Οπτιλος & Οφθαλμος,  Oculus, an 'Eye, seems to come from Op-tal, because the Eye is placed in the Forehead, Tal in Gaulish signifying a Forehead.

 

P

 

Παιρος, Paucus, Pauper, Poor, comes from the Celtick Paour, Poor or Indigent.

Πορρος,  Porrum, a Leek, comes from the Celtick Pour.

Πεμπε, binque, Five, for it was the Celtick word for πεντε, was without all doubt taken from the Celtae who now say Pemp for Five ; thence came Πεμπας & Πεμπτας,  the Number of Five; as also Πεμπτος &, Qintus, Fifth.

Πολς & Πολτος, Puls, Broth, Hasty Pudding, a Word taken from the Gaulish Tongue, wherein to this Day they say Pouls for all Sorts of Broths, which are much in use amongst them. The Romans, after the manner of the Sabine and Umbrian; eat this Sort of Food very much in the first Ages of their Settlement.

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Ποινη, Paena, Punishment comes from the Celtick word Poen.

Πισον, Pisum, Pease, a Sort of Pulse among the Celtae, which they called Pis.

Πεζα,  Flita, Ora, Limbus, the Border of one's Cloaths, was taken from the Pez of the Celtae.

Παλλαχη, Pellex, Concubina, a whore, comes from the word Plack which signifies a Young, Brisk Girl.

Παππα & Παππας,  Papa, Pater, Father, is taken from Pap, which amongst the Celtae, signified Pap; and as Fathers fed their Children therewith, thence came they to be called Papa; they were also called Tata, because Tat amongst the Gauls signified Father. They likewise called Mother Maman. What I have said about Papa is so just, that Pappare among the Romans was the same thing, as to give the Child Pap, and so was Παππαζειν with the ancient Greeks.

Πεδιον, Pars Pedis superior, a Part of the Foot, and comes from the Celtick Pedd, a Foot: From whence they have made Πατεω, Salio, as also, Terrain pedibus conculco, because it is with our Feet that we jump and tread upon the Earth. Περδιξ, Perdix, a Partridge, comes from the Celtick Perth or Pertris.

Πεινω, formerly Pungo, to Prick, comes from Pic or Bec, for it is with their Beaks that Birds peck. In short, it was from the Pic of the Celtae that they took their Πιχος, Picus avis, Woodpecker, because this Bird continually pecks the Trees with his Beak.

Πιλιον

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Πιλιον & πιλος, Pileus ex lana coacta, a Hat or Cap; the Word comes from Pilat that signifies to Beat or Press, and Hats are made of wrought Wool'. It's probable the Celtae; were the People that brought this Fashion into the West as they did Breeches or Trouses, whence they were called Galli Braccaci.

Πορχος,  Porcus, a Hog, from the Celtick Porc.

Πωλος,  Pullus equinus, they also used Πωλιον, a Foal, which they made of the Peul or Pull of the Celtae.

 

Πλεχω, Plico, Neat; to Fold, Knit together, comes from the Celtick Plega, and from thence Συμληγαδες, of the Greeks, who sometimes used Πληγαλες.

Πλαξ,  Tabula lata, a Table, a Plank, taken from the Celtick Placq.

 

Πηνηχν,  Coma addititia, Hair of the Head, or rather a Peruke, supplied by Way of Ornament, comes from the Celtick Pen, a Head, or Crown. Thence they formed Πηνιχος for the Appenine Hills, and so the Name of the Alps and Appenine both came from the Celtae; who in the early Ages of the World settled in Italy, as may be seen from what I have said of the Umbrians and Sabins.

 

I should not soon have done, were I to insert all the Greek Words, that came from the Celtick, beginning with the Letter P or Phi, since I have an Account of above Seventy, which may be seen in another Place. As for Q, I pass over it, because the Greeks have no such Letter in their Alphabet.

 

256

Pumn, Vicus, a Street, a Word taken from the Celtick Ru.

Ρυθμος,  Wg, Rhythmus, Number, Measure of Time, comes from Rim of the Celtae.

Ρωξ, a Rock, comes from the Celtick. Roh.

Ρυτις, a Wrinkle, comes from the Celtick Word Rid.

Ροδιος, Remus, an Oar, is taken from the Rhodl of the Celtae.

Ραφανος, Rhaphanus, a Radish, comes from the Rabes of the Celtick People.

Ραδινος, Facile Mobilis easily moved or stirred, as Fearn is, for the Celtae called Fearn Raden or Radin.

Ραιω,  Perdo,. Corrumpo, deleo, to Destroy, to Efface, comes from Raier of the Celtae.

Πωπος, A mean and contemptible thing, is called Robe by the Celtae, from whence the French Word Derober, to Steal.

Ριγος, Frigus, Rigor, Cold, comes from the Celtick Riol.

Ρεα, Rhea Rhea the Wife of Jupiter, seems to have come from the Celtae, who say, Rhy, Dominus, Lord, thus Rhea in all Likelihood signified a Lady.

S

Σαπων & Σηπων,  Sapo, Soap, comes from the Celtick Word Sebon.

Σπαω, Evello, to Pluck up, comes from Spaza of the Celtae.

Σπαδων,

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Σπαδων, Spado, Eunuchus, comes from Spaz.

Σεχαλη, Secale, Rye, comes from the Celtick Segal.

Σαγος, Sagum, a Military Vest, comes from the Saye of the Celtae, that signifies Cloaths.

Σαλος, Agito, Moveo, to Move, Stir, comes from the Celtick Salle; whence came Σαλος, Salum, Commotio Maris, because the Sea is perpetually in Motion.

Σχαφη, Scapha, a Boat, Skiff, is taken from the Skif of the Celt; who say Eschif.

Στυπη, Stupa, Tow, comes from the Celtick Word Stoup.

Σολος, Vas Ligneum, olim Scubella, was taken from the Scutell of the Celtae.

Σολος,, Globus rotundas dim a round Globe, like a Ball, which they threw into the Air, perhaps in Honour of the Sun, was taken from the Celtick Word Soul, that signifies the same thing, but the Greeks afterwards took Σολος for Discus.

Σαγηνη, Sagena, a Net to catch Fish with, comes from the Celtick Seigne.

Σχολοψ,  Stipes, Palus acutus, a sharp Stake, comes from Ysgobol of the Celtae.

Σχυβαλον, Sordes, Quisquiliae, Ordures, Sweepings, from the Celtick Scubelen.

Σιχα, Porcus apud Lacones, a Hog with the Lacedemonians, was undoubtedly taken from the Celtick Word Sic, a Hog; and even to this Day when the Amorican Bretons hunt these Animals, they only say Sic, Sic.

Many other Words under Sigma, I shall pass over, and come to Tau.

Τ

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T.

Ταυλη,  Tabula Mensa, a Table, comes from the Celtick Taul, or Daul, a Table, and this Word is used in several Parts of Bretagne.

Ταυρος,  Taurus, a Bull, an Ox, taken from Taru of the Celtae.

Τελος, Vectigal, Tribute, comes from the Celtick Toll.),

Τορνος,  Tornus, a Turning Instrument, from the Celtick Turn.

Τυρος & τυρσις, Turris, a Tower, taken from Tur of the Celtae.

Τυμβος, Tumulus, a Tomb from Tumbe.

Τεφρα,  Cinis, terra sicca, Cyndre, Earth, softened from Terr of the Celtae.

Τωφος, Tophus, a Tophar Stone, from Tuf of the Celtae.

Τερην,  Tener, comes by Transposition from Tener of the Celtae, which signifies the same thing.

Τειρω,  Tero, to bruise the Earth, and as right Earth is dry, from the same Word Tir the Greeks made Τερρω and Τερσω Sicco, Arefacio.

Τεριων, plur. Τεριωνες,  lat.Triones, that is, Boves terram subigentes, comes from the Celtick Tir or Ter, that signifies Earth. Thence came the Latin Septentriones, perhaps because of the Seven Stars, which form a kind of Wain, and are to the North towards the Artick Pole.

Ταφης, Tapes, Tapis, Tapistry, from the Celtick Tapis.

Τεγος & στεγος

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Τεγος & στεγος,  Tectum, Tegmen, a Roof, comes from the Celtick Tec, from the same word Tec and Pen, which signfies a Head, probably comes the Greek Τηβεννα, Toga, because that in Foul weather they covered their Heads therewith.

Τροχος, Trochus, a Top, comes from the Celtick Tro, from the Gaulish Trompe, signifying the same thing, they have made Στρομβις also.

Τιττη, Mamma, the Breasts, comes from the Celtick Teth. of the same Signification.

Hence Τιθη & Τιθηνη, Matrix, que Mammam prebet.

Τρωγη & Τρωγλη, Foramen, Caverna, a Hole, from the Celtick Trou. Hence Τρωγοδυται & Τρωγλοδυται, Troglodites, People living in Holes and Caves.

 

Τρυπανη & Τρυπανον,  Terebrum, a Trepan, comes from the Celtick Trou, and Pen, a Head, because that in Trepanning they make a Hole in the Head.

Τερμονες,  Termini, Fines, Bounds, comes from the Celtick Termen, the same; but this Celtick word Termen seems to be compounded of Ter or Tir, Earth and Men, a Stone, because. that anciently, as well as now, they set up Stones, to mark the Bounds and Limits of their Lands.

Τιλλω, Vello, to Tear, Pull, comes from the Celtick Teil, Dung, because when they carry Dung: they pull out the Straw; and this is so far true, that Τιλος in Hesychius is nothing else but Κοπρος, Stercus, Dung, which is plainly taken from the Celtick word Teil.

Τιτανες,

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Τιτανες, or rather Τιτηνες, Titanes, Terrigenae, Terrae filii, Titans, Earth-born, or Children of the Earth, so the Greeks and Romans anciently called them. I have showed at large that the Celtae came from these ancient Titans, and the word indeed is all Celtick, coming from Tit, Earth, and Den or Ten, a Man; and so the Grecians had Reason to give them the Name of Γεγενεις, Quasi Terrigenae, Earth-born, or Sons of the Earth.

Τιταν,  Epitheton Solis, the Sun in Greek: This word is also Celtick, but not of the same Derivation with the other, as may be supposed, but comes from Ti, a House or Habitation, and Tan Fire.

And so Titan, without any Variation, signifies a House, or the Habitation of Fire, which suits well enough with the Sun. It looks as if this was the Reason that the Hebrews called it Semes or Sames, being as much as to say Samies:, which signifies Ibi ignis. The Chaldeans said Simsa or Samsa, from whence came Samosata, that is, in the old Armenian, and perhaps Syriack, (Syriac) too, the City of the Sun, a Place upon the Euphrates towards Armenia, famous for giving Birth to Paul of Samosata. This we have said by the by, and may serve to put us in mind, that there are a Thousand Things in Antiquity, upon which we have not sufficiently reflected.

Titavos, who would not think but that this Word was of the same Derivation as one of the Two former, but it is otherwise; for it signifies, Calx, seu Gypsum, Chalk or Lime, and comes from Tit, Earth, and

Tan,

261

Tan, Fire, i. e. the Earth of Fire, which agrees well enough with Lime . Who is there that could unravel all these Words and many more, or find out the Difference and Origin of them, without the help of the Celtick Tongue?

Here you are to remember, that the most ancient Greek Alphabet ends with Tau, so that there are no right Greek words that begin with Υ. for the Upsilon and the other Letters that come after, were added a long Time after. This I shall make appear, in another Book, where I shall thoroughly Treat of the Invention of Letters amongst all Nations.

In finishing this Table of Greek words, that are derived from the ancient Celtick or Gaulish Tongue, which is still in Being in Bretagne in France, and in Wales, I must not forget to Advertise the Reader, that I have collected no more than about Two Hundred here ; I could have added many more, but I am confident, I can, without puzzling myself much, find above Six Hundred Greek words, all Radicals, and most of them Primitives, and not Derivatives, which have been plainly taken from those first Titans, who in ancient Times ruled over Greece, Italy and all the West.

But tho such a Number of Greek words kerns to be surprising, this is nothing in comparison of the Latin ones that came from the same Language, and that so Naturally, as to have no other Disguise, than that of Termination, as may be seen by this following Table.

 

pg 262          CHAP.  II. (2)

A Table of Latin Words taken from the Celtick or Gaulish Language.

Aurum, Gold, a Word taken from the Celtick, Aour, that signifies the same thing.

Argentum, Silver, taken from the Celtick Argant.

Armus, a Shoulder, from the Celtick Arm, that signifies the whole Shoulder down to the Wrist; thence came Armm, a Bracelet, that they used to wear on the Wrist, and was much in Fashion, among the ancient Celtae.

Arma, Arms, in Celtick Arm, is derived from the preceding Word Armm, a Shoulder, because that in ancient Times, their Arms, such as Shield, Quiver and Arrows, were usually carried on the Shoulders: If any will not believe this, it is easie to Prove it from ancient Latin Authors.

Arare, to Plough, from the Celtick Arat, the same thing, whence Aratrum, which in Gaulish was Arar.

Ara, an Altar, from the Celtick Ar, Earth, of which an Altar was made; for the ancient Altars were indeed no other than some raised Earth; and the Celtick Word Auter, as Altare amongst the ancient Latins, signified no other than raised Earth,

for

263

for an Altar : From the Celtick Ar, they likewise made Area, a Barn-flour; because it is done on the Earth, and made of the Earth: In like manner from the same Word Ar, joined with Or, comes Arator, being as much as to say, a Man appointed for the Earth, a Labourer, for Or and Ur, signified a Man, in Old Celtick.

Afinus, an Ass, taken from the Celtick Afen, signifying the same Animal.

Arca, a Collet, Omit, taken from the Gluck, Arch, signifying the same thing.

Archora, an Anchor, from the Celtick Angor.

Albus, White, comes from the Celtick Alp and Alb, for in that Language, as well as in many others, the b and the p frequently interchange, from whence the ancient Latins, and the Sabines themselves said Alpus for White, and I take it for certain that of Alpus, the Word Alps came, because the Mountains are always White, as being covered with Snow; and that also from Pen of the Celtae, Umbrians and Sabines, which signifies a Head, Top, and high Place, they made Penninus Mons, the Appennine, a vast Mountain in Italy, and so these Two Famous Words proceed certainly from the Gaulish Tongue, and are older by several Ages than the City of Rome.

Altus, High, is taken from the ancient Celtae, who still say Alt for the height of a Mountain, and was not the Word Atlas formed also from Alt, by the Transposition only of a Letter ? And this was the Notion

al-

264

al-ways entertained of that Giant or Hero, who was near akin to Saturn and Jupiter, and consequently to the Titan and Celtick Race. Indeed he was looked upon to be a huge, high and tall Man, and hence it was, that they likewise gave him the Name of Telamon, which was taken from the Celtae also, who say Tat for Tall, and Mon, or Man, for Man. Besides this Hero, who had Skill in Astrology , lived indeed in Africa, in Mauritania, whence it came to pass, that the Titans, of whom he was one, were worshipped there for Demi-Gods : This Remark is sufficient to clear up, and to confirm many things in ancient History, which have been disguised with Ridiculous Fables.

Arguere, to Reprove, comes from the Celtick Argui, which is the same thing, thence comes Arguz, from which came the Latin Argutiae.

Anima, the Soul, from the Celtick Ane, and Ene, which signifies the same, and it looks as if the Latin Word Animus, came from the Celtick Anevue.

Abdo, Abdere, to Hide, comes from the Celtick Amdo.

Aviditas, Greediness, from the Celtick. Avyd.

Acer, Sharp, from the Celtick Aigr.

Avis, a Bird, has its Origin from the Celtick Afais.

Auruspex, a South-Sayer , I suppose to have been taken from the Celtick Au or Afu, the Liver of Animals; but that of Au and Spicio to inspect, they have formed

the

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the Word Auspex, to signify a Person, that inspects and consults the Fibers of the Liver, and as it was difficult to Pronounce this Word, they at last made Aruspex of it ; and that which confirms me in this Notion is, that the most Famous and molt Ancient Divinations were performed by inspecting the Livers of Animals, and might be proved by many ancient Authorities, concerning which it's also proper to observe, that the ancient Word Specio, or Spicio, to inspect, was taken from Spi, or from Spu of the ancient Celtae; which signified an Eye, from whence came the Word Spy.

That which I have said concerning the Word Auspex, may be also extended to that of Augur, a Diviner or Southsayer (Soothsayer: the “ou” in this south is pronounced “oo”), the same coming from the Celtick Au, Liver, and Gur, or Gar, a Man, and it is no more than Au-gur, which word for word signifies A Man of the Liver, that is, that consults and foretells Things by the Liver. I am therefore confident, that Varro, and other Roman Authors that followed him, were mistaken in their deriving of the word from Aves, Birds, by which the Latins took their Auguries ; now if the fluff Syllable of Augur came from Avis, as they pretend, from whence must they have had Gar, unless it were from the Celtae, who always used it for a Man, as they still do Gar. This and a Thousand Things more show plainly, that the ancient Latins, while they went yet by the Name of Aborigines , borrowed much of the Celtick, or Gauls who went then by the

Name

266

Name of Titans, over whom Saturn reigned in Italy, in the early Ages of the World.

B.

Barba, a Beard, comes from the Celtick, Barv and Barb, a Beard.

Bulla, a round Bubble upon the Water, comes from the Celtick Buill and Bul, signifying the same thing. Of Buill, the Romans made Bullire, to Boil, because boiling water makes such sort of Bubbles, from thence also came the word Ampulla.

Bronchiae, the Gills of Fishes, from the Celtick Brenc.

Braccae, Trouses, from the Celtick Brag, which in the Plural is Bragoni, and because they were the Gauls, who out of Asia brought this sort of strait and close Garment into Europe, they were from thence called Galli Braccati.

Brachium, an Arm, comes from the Celtick Brech, for so the Gauls called an Arm, because of its being, as it were, broke in the middle, whereas the Thigh is all of a Piece. And this sort of Discontinuance or Joint, is called Breche, a Word which the French have taken from the Celtae, for it is neither Greek nor Latin.

Boreas, it's commonly taken for the North Wind, but anciently, and that with good Reason, for the North-East Wind, that came from the Summer Solstice, and blew from between the East and the North: It's derived from the Word Bore of the Celtae,

that

267

that signifies Morning, because that in the Morning, or when there was most Summer Light, it came from between the East and the North, from whence this Wind usually blew at that Season of the Year. Some Latin Authors have very well distinguished it from the Ventus Septentrionalis, which we call the North Wind.

Brevis, short, comes from the Celtick Berr.

Brassica, a Cabbage, was taken from Brisych of the Celts, signifying, the same, as well as Caulis, which was taken from the Celtick Caul.

Balena, a Whale, comes from the Celtick Balen.

Baculus, a Staff, comes from the Celtick Bach, and Bagl. As Fustis comes from Fust of the Celtae, a Stick, and so Fusta with them imported the same thing as Fustepercutere, to beat with a Stick.

Buxus, Box, is taken from the Celtic Beus, and Box.

Bucca, the Cheek from the Celtick Boch, that implies the same thing.

Brennus, King or Prince of the Gauls, who took the City of Rose, comes plainly from the Celtick Breun, or Brennyn, a King ; there was also another of the same Name , who was King of the Celtae, or Gauls;, and perished in Greece, as he was about to go and Plunder the Temple of Delephos.

Bardus Plur. Bardi, Bards, Poets of the Gauls, a Word taken from the Celtick Bard, a Poet, or Diviner. Bardioneg with them

is

268

is the same thing as Poesis, Carmen, Poetry and Verses.

Bagaude, the Bagaudes, a Body of Highway-men and Robbers among the Gauls, much mentioned in ancient History, and derived from Bagat, which in Celtick is a Troop.

Britto and Brittus, in the Plur. Brittones and Britti, a People called Bretons, as well in France, as in a Part of Great Britain, commonly called England ; the Word is Celtick. being derived from Brit and Brith, to signify a Man painted, and marked with many Colours ; and with them Britho, was a Verb that signified Pingere, Variegare, to Paint and Adorn with many Colours, so that Brittones, or Britti, Imported no more than Painted Men. In short, these People in ancient Times painted their Bodies and Faces, especially with a Bluish Colour, as may be proved from several Authors . Whence they are somewhere in Martial, called Picti Britanni, speaking of the Britains, in the Country we now call England ; and here it will not be improper to observe, that the Word Britanni and Britannia, come from the Celtick Britt, Painted, and Tan or Stan, Country : So that Britannia signifies no more than a Country of Painted People, so that the Grecians, who have Wrote GREEK and GREEK, with a single Nu, and Two Taus, had more regard to the Right Name of this People, than the Romans, who used Britannia. I could show in this Place, that the Brutians, a People of the Lower

Italy,

269

Italy, had their true Origin from the Celtae, as well as the Umbrians and Sabins, and that consequently the ancient Greeks, called Brutia, the Country of the Brutians, properly enough GREEK and GREEK, Brettia and Brettania, let some Learned Criticks say what they will, to the contrary.

Cantus, a Song, comes from the Celtick Can, so Canere, to Sing, from Cana, and Cantare from Cbanta,

(Ed: that b could be h, in cbanta. Most h’s in the print barely had any discernible space between the 2 bottom legs of the bottom part of the h.)

which is the same thing.

Camera, a Chamber, is formed from the Celtick Cambr.

Canabis, Hemp, from Canub of the Celtae.

Centum, an Hundred is taken from the Celtick Cant.

Candela, a Candle, from the Celtick Cantol.

Canalis, a Channel, from the Celtick Canol.

Cancer, a Cancer from the Celtick Cuncr (or Cuner.) (Ed: The c in Cuncr could be an e. It was not clear.) or Crancy.

Caula, a Sheepfold, from the Celtick Cail.

Caulis, Cabbage, from the Celtick Caul.

Cervus, a Deer, takes its Origin from Caru or Carw.

Catena, a Chain, from the Celtick Chaden.

Cuniculus, a Rabbet, from the Celtick Coulnich.

Ca-

270

Capistrum, a Halter, from the Celtick Cabestr.

Canus, White, Cain, White Hairs, from the Celtick, Can and Cain, White, from whence came Candidus, Candor and Canities.

Calones, Soldiers Boys, Servants in an Army, that carried Wood and Water, fit for Soldiers, was taken from the Celtick Cale, a Wood.

Cale and Cala, a Port, a Harbour, comes plainly from Cal, which signifies the same thing with the Celtae: And from thence came Bardicala, or Burdigala, Bourdeaux. It seems to me that the Romans from the Word Cala, or Cala-is, made Portus Iccius, which we now call Calis, opposite to Dover. Besides the ancient Latins turned the Gaulish Word Cal into Cale, and justly rendered it Portus.

And thence came the Word Portus-Cale, that is, Port a Port Portugal, a Kingdom adjoining to Spain, took its Name from this City : And so this Name is Celtick, as well as that of Lusitania, which amounts to as much as the Country of the Lusians, who were originally Celtae, that mixed with the Iberians : In short, Lysbon signifies no more than the Habitation of the Lusians, and its true ancient Name was Lusibona, from which they made Ulyssibona, as if it had been the Residence of Ulysses, which is a Fiction of the Greeks, who are full of Fables. Many more things might be said upon this Occassion, but I have only slightly touched this over, and so we proceed to other Matters.

Car-

271

Carmen, a Verse, comes properly from Carm, or Garm, which with the Celtae, signified a joyful Cry, and the Verses Sung by the Bards, to encourage the Soldiers before they went to Battle And this is so manifest, that even “xagun” in Greek is the same as Pugna, and Conflictus; as also Letitia, and Gaudium.

Carrum and Carrus, a Car or Chariot, taken from the Celtick, Carr.

Calamas, a Quill to Write with, from Calaf.

Carus, Dear, Beloved, from the Celtick Car.

Cultellus, a Knife, from the Celtick Coutel and Goutel.

Condere, to Hide, from the Celtick Cudio. As Cutis, the Skin, is taken from Cuta and Cuza, which also signifies to Hide, because the Skin hides the Flesh and Bones.

Crux, a Cross, a Gibbet, taken from the Celtick Croug and Crow.

Corona, a Crown, from the Celtick Carun, and Coron.

Cornu, a Horn, from the Celtick Corn or Cern.

Cura, Care, from the Celtick Cur, as Curare is taken from Curo, to take Care.

Corpus, a Body, is formed from Corf of the Celtae.

Coccus and Coccum, Scarlet and Red Color from Coch Red.

Cygnus, a Swan, from the Celtick Cyn or Cin.

Cista, a small Chest, from the Celtick Cist,

Caena,

272

Caena, Supper, from Coan or Coen, of the Celtae.

Chorus, Quire, from the Celtick Chor or Cor.

Circius, a violent Wind, from the Celtick Cyrcb, Irruption, Impetuofity.

Crines, Hairs, from the Celtick Crin, Aridus, there being nothing so dry as Hairs.

Civitas, a.Town, City, from the Celtick, Cyveithas, which signified Society and Commerce, both which are to be met within Cities.

 

D.

Decem, Ten, in Greek Disa, comes from the Celtick Dec, signifying the same thing.

Duo, Two, comes from Deu, or Daou of the Celtae.

Dens, a Tooth, taken from the Celtick Dant.

Dignus, Worthy, from the Celtick Dui.

Denarius a Penny, from the Celtick Diner.

Discere, to Learn, from the Celtick Disqui.

Dies, a Day, from the Celtick Di and Deiz, signifying the same thing.

Dolus, Fraud, Deceit, from the Celtick Duyl.

Dolor, Grief, Pain, from the Celtick Dolur.

Donum, a Gift, from the Celtick Daun, Don; so Donare, to give, comes from Doni, which signifies the same thing.

Dux,

273

Dux, Captain, Leader, from the Celtick Dug.

Duellum, Duel, seems to have been taken from the Celtick Dusel, quia est Duorum Certamen; and therefore I do say the Romans cannot maintain the Derivation they have made of the word Bellum.

Debere, to owe, comes from the Celtick Dever, Debitum.

Dacrimae, the ancient word for Lacrimae, Tears, comes from the Celtick Word Dever, signifying the same thing.

Degunere, an Old word, the same as Jentare, to Breakfast, comes from the Celtick Dejuin, which properly imports breaking of Fast, for it is formed of Di-juni, i.e. without fasting.

Durum, belonging to Water, is taken from the Celtick word Dour, water it's often in Latin made to be the Termination of Towns Names, as Batavodurum, etc. which intimates that most Cities were Built near Lakes or Rivers.

E

Ennus, an old Word, and the same as Annus, a Year, items to have been taken from the Celtick Henn, Old and Ancient, because the Year as it comes on continually grows old.

Elephantus, an Elephant, comes from Olefant and Elefant, signifying in Celtic the same Thing.

Elementum, an Element, from the Celtick Ulfen.

Ele-

274

Electrum, a fort of mixed Metal, taken from the Celtick Elydr.

Excusare, to Excuse, from the Celtick Escuzo, the same Thing.

Exercere , to Exercise , taken from the Celtick Eserci.

Erigere, to Erect, comes from the Celtick Eriger.

Examen, a Swarm of Bees, from the Celtick Essaim.

F

Foenum, Hay, from the Celtick Forn, signifying the same Thing.

Furnus, an Oven, from the Celtick Forn.

Fustis, a Club, from the Celtick Fust; they also said Fusta, for fuste percutere, to beat with a Stick.

Feretrum, a Quiver, from the Celtick Feirtr.

Fucus, belonging to Painting, had its Origin from the Celtick Ffug; so Ffugio with them is the same as fucare, to Paint.

Fur, a Thief; comes from the Celtic Fur, signifying a Cunning and Sharp Man; for he must be such to make a good Thief.

Foffa, a Ditch, taken from the Celtick Ffis.

Franum , a Bridle, from the Celtick Ffruyn.

Funis, a Rope, from the Celtick Fun, or Funen.

Fallere, to Deceive, from the Celtick Fallat.

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Flamma, a Flame, from the Celtick Flam.

Furca, a Fork, from the Celtick Forch.

Falfus, False, from the Celtick Fals.

Falx, a Sickle, from the Celtcik Falch.

Folium, a Leaf, from the Celtick Follen.

Forma, Form, Fashion, from the Celtick Furm.

Fenestra, a Window, from the Celtick Fenestr.

Fornax, a Furnace, borrowed from the Celtick Fornes.

Fremere, to Frown, is taken from the Celtick Fremmi, and Frommi, thence came the Latin Words Framea and Romphea, a Sort of Swords used by the Barbarians.

Forum, a Fair, Marker, taken from the Celtick Four and Feur.

Festus; a Festival, Time of Pleasure and Rejoicing, from the Celtick Fest.

Formido, Fear, from the Celtick Fourum.

Ferus, Fierce, Cruel , taken from the Celtick Fero.

G

GIGAS, a Giant, comes from the Celtick Gigas and Geant, used for the same Thing; and so in the Genetive it makes Gigantos, for Giantos, to express the Word Geant.

Genu, a Knee, from the Celtick Glin, from whence came the Latin Word Clinare, and afterwards Inclinare to bend the Knee.

Grus, a Crane, a Bird, comes from the Celtick Gru

Gran-

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Granum, Grain, from the Celtick. Greun

Gracia, Grace, from the Celtick, Word Gras.

Gloria, Glory, from the Celtick Gloar.

Gladius, a Sword, from the Celtick Glaif.

Globus, a Globe, or Bowl, from the Celtick Globin.

Gluten, Glue, from the Celtick Glu and Glut.

Gommi, Gum, borrowed from the Celtick Gomm.

Gestus, Gesture, comes from the Celtick Gest.

Gleba, a Clod of Earth, from the Celtick Gleb, and signifies Earth moistened with Water, as Clods of Earth are ordered, to make them fruitful.

Glutus and Gluto, a Glutton, from the Celtick Gluth, a Greedy-Gut ; thence came the Verb Glutire, to devour.

Gallus, a Gaul, this Name, so Famous in Ancient Times, came from the same Gauls, who used to say, and still do, Gallu, to signify Posse, to be able, and Valere, to prevail; and this is so just, that the Latin Word Valere was made of Gallu or Vallu of the Celt; among whom Galluus and Galluog, is the same as Potent, and Valiant, and Gallant, is Power, or Might; so that the Word Gallus, or Gaul, properly signifies a Potent, and Valiant Man; and I am in a Manner confident, that the Word Celta, a Celt, or Gaul, signifies the same Thing. In short, Gallec, with these Ancient and Renowned People, imported as much as Lingua Gallica, as it does the French Language now among the Ar-

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morican Bretons, which Tongue succeeded that of the Gauls, and took to many Things from it.

Gena, a Cheek, taken from the Celtic Gen.

Ganza, a Goose, in Latin Anser, from the Celtick Goaz, signifying the same Thing.

Granni, they were the Whiskers of the Goths, derived from the Celtick Word Grann, properly signifying Eyebrows, which stand in the same stead to the Eyes, as Whiskers do to the Lips.

H

Habilis, Nimble, taken from the Celtick Habil, signifying the same Thing.

Honeftus, Honest, comes from the Celtick Honest.

Hibere, an Old Word from whence came Prohibere, to hinder, to stop, comes from the Celtick Hybu, Signifying the same Thing.

Hostis, a Word according to Varro, that signified an Enemy, anciently did an Hoste; the Reason of which that Learned Roman knew not. But the Word Hostis, without changing a Letter, at this very Day, amongst the Posterity of the Celtae, signifies an Host; and the Ancient Latins took this Word from them.

Again, the Word Hospes, which signifies an Hoff, was taken from the Celtick Osp and Hospyd, that signified the same thing. So that Hospitium is as much as to say Hospidti, the Host’s House or Inn. For Ti in Celtick is a House, a Thing that neither Varro, nor any of the Romans could find out, be-cause

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cause they were derived from a Foreign Language, which they neither knew, nor could guess at.

Ita, Yes, comes from Ia of the Celtae, and several other Nations, by the Addition of ta, and signifies the same thing, From Ia, by a Transposition of the Letters, the Latines made Aio, I affirm it, I say yes; as from the Si of the Celtae; Yes, they made their Sic, which is nothing else.

Ire, to go, Eo, I go, seems also to come from the Ia, or Ta, that is,  In the Preterperfect Tense it makes Et and Bet, Gone, or I am gone ; and from Bet the Ancient Latins made Betere, to go, and in Process of Time Petere ; for they said Romam petere, to go to Rome.

Jusculum; Pottage, Broth, from the Celtick Isgel.

Januarius, the Month of January ; this Word seems to have been taken from the Celtae, who say Jenver, or Guenver, and is compounded of Ien, Frigidus, cold, and Aer, or AEr, Air; and so this Jenver with them, is as much as to say, The Month of cold Air, which fits well enough with January. These People used also Feuvrer for the Latin Februarius, which was the Month of Lustrations. Mis Meurs, or Mis mers, was March, because it was then that the Gauls began war every Year. Mis Ebreil of the Celtae, is the same as the Latin Mensis Aprilis, and was so called because the

Earth

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Earth then began to open and receive the Heat of the Sun. Lastly, to say no more, the Maius of the Romans was called Mis Mae, or May, by the Celtae, that is, a Flowry Month, because every Herb is then in the Bloom in the Fields and Meadows, and therefore it is in vain for the Romans to derive Maius from Maia; the Mother of Mercury; and so perhaps they may be mistaken in deriving Januarius from Janus, whereas it signifies only a cold Month, according to the Celtick Etymology.

Justus, Just, from the Celtick Just

Imago, an Image, from the Celtick I maich.

Imitari, to imitate, from the Celtick Imita.

Jugum, a Yoke, comes from the Celtick Jau and Joy.

Jejunium, Falling, from the Celtick Juni, and the Celtick Word Juni is the same as Jejunare.

Juvenis, a Young-man, comes from the Celtick Jovanc and Jovange. Juventus is also derived from the Jovanctis of the Celtae.

Jovis, Jupiter, the Ancient and Right Name of that imaginary Deity, is taken from the Celtick Jaou and Jou, which comes from Jeune, Young, because he was the youngest of Saturn's Children. He was a Potent King of the Titans, or Celtic, who were not ignorant of his Name. When he was put into the Number of the Gods, the Grecians called him Dis, the same as Lucidus in, the Father of Lights, and the Latins

gave

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gave him the Name of Jaou-Piter, that is, Father Jou: And so Varro, Cicero, and others of the Roman were mistaken, when they affirmed that Jupiter signified Juvans Pater; and it was an unsufferable Error to derive Jovis from the Word Jehova, which with the Modern Hebraicians is the Name of' the Living and True God. The same Thing may be said of Saturn, which does not come from the Hebrew Satar, to Hide, as aforementioned; for it signifies Strong, Valiant, Warlike.

L

LABOR, Labour, comes from the Celtick Labour, as Laborare does from Labourat, to labour.

Lamna, a Lake, comes from the Celtick Laguen.

Laridum, Bacon, comes from the Celtick Lard.

Lissus, a mournful Cry, a Word taken from the Twelve Tables, and is originally Celtick, which used the Word Lais for a Cry, or mournful Noise.

Locus, a Place, comes from the Celtick Lech.

Linea, a Line, from the Celtick Lin.

Lima, Mud, from the Celtick, Lim.

Libra, a Ballance, from the Celtick Lissr (Ed: Lissr might also be Liffr. The 2 ff’s small appendages are not clear.)

Lixivium, Lye, from the Celtick Licious out, or Leisu.

Litare, to offer Sacrifices, seems to come from Lit of the Celtae, a Feast, Solemnity, because they were to offer Sacrifices on such Occasions.

La

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Lamina, a Blade, comes from the Celtick Lamen.

Lavenda, Lavender, is taken from the Celtick Lavend. Laethum, Death, from the Celtick Letern.

Lancea, a Lance, from the Celtick Lancs.

Laqueus, a Snare, from the Celtick Lacs.

Latrocinium, Theft, Robbery, comes from the Celtick Lazronu, as Latro does front Larr, or Lazrau; for Laza with the Celtae, signified Occidere, to kill, to put to Death.

Lis, Litis, Strife, comes from the Celtick Les, or Lys, to signifie a Court of Justice, where Strifes are determined.

Leo, a Lyon, comes from the Celtick Leu, or Leon, for Leva in their Language signified to devour as Lyons do.

Lorica, a Curass, comes from the Celtick Luris.

Longus, Long, from the Celtick Langue., or Lag.

Lucta, Combat, comes from Luydd of the Celtae, which  signifies a Place of Battle.

Luna, the Moon, comes from Lun of the Celtae, who used Di lun for Munday; and the Celtae have made their Word Lun, from that of Llun, an Image, or Representation, because they imagine they saw the Picture of a Man in the Moon; or else it is derived from Leun, Full, in the Celtick Tongue, because the Full Moon was had in great Veneration by the Celtae

M

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                   M

Mamma, the Breast, undoubtedly comes from Mam, the Celtick Word for Mother, and from Mam came Mama, a Mother, as from Tat, a Father, came Tata.

Medicus, a Physician, comes from the Celtick Word Meddig.

Molestia, Trouble, from the Celtick Molest.

Membrum, a Member, from the Celtick Membr.

Metallum, Metal, from the Celtick, Metal.

Musculus, a Muscle, from the Celtick Mescle.

Mespilum, a Medlar, from the Celtick, Mesperen.

Miscere, to mingle, from the Celtick, Misgu.

Metere, to Reap, from the Celtick Medi.

Mare, the Sea, comes from the Celtick Mar, or Mor, the same Thing; and from Mor comes the Latin Word Armoria, which signifies Adjoining to the Sea, and properly is the Name of Bretagne, a Maritime Province of France.

Mel, Honey, comes from the Celtick, Mel.

Milium, Millet, comes from the Celtick Word Mele.

Mille.

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Mille, a Thousand , from the Celtick Mill.

Mercurius, Mercury, an imaginary Deity, that was a Prince of the Titans, who Reigned in Italy by the Name of Faunus, and in a great Part of the West. The Word comes from the Celtick, Mercs, Merchandise, and Ur a Man; for anciently he was taken to be the God of Merchandizing; Teutates was his other Latin Name, which In Celtick was Teut-Tat, the Father of the People; for by the Name of Hermes which was given him, was meant a Diviner in their Language.

Marla and Merger, Marle, certainly comes from the Celtick, Marle, that imports the same Thing.

Mercatus, a Fair, Market, comes from the Celtick Word Marchata, Mercari, to Merchandize. You are to observe, that March among the Celts signified a Horse; and because that People were continually in War, Horses were those Things mostly bought and sold in Fairs and Markets. Its also from March and Schal, the French Word Mareschal comes, the same signifying a Person that has Charge of the Horses; this Word is more German than Gaulish.

Malus, Evil, Wicked, from the Celtick, Mall, signifying Bad, Rotten, Corrupted; Mallu in that Language, signifies to Rot and Corrupt.

Martes, a Matern, a little Animal, comes from the Celtick Marr.

Mentum, a Chin, from the Celtick Mant.

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Magister a Matter, from the Celtick, Maestr and Mestr.

Merenda, a Beaver, in some Provinces called Marende, comes from the Celtick, Meren; and the Word is used to this Day in Bretagne, for there Merenna signifies agere merandam.

N

Nobillis, Noble, Generous, comes from the Celtick, Nobl, the same Thing.

Nevem, Niiw, comes fiom the Celtick, Ntaou, as Decem does from Dec, and Vi- ginti from Viguent ; and so the reit of the Greek and Latin Numbers are taken from the Gaulifh Tongue

Negatio, Refusal, Denial, comes from the Celtick Word Nag and Nagea.

Novus, New, from the Celtick New and Neves.

Neptis, a Niece, from Nith of the Celtae.

Nubes, a Cloud, from the Celtick, Nes, Heaven, towards which the Clouds move.

Nox, Night, comes from the Celtick, Nos.

Nidus, a Bird's Nest, from the Celtick, Nytb.

Nebula, a Mist, from the Celtick, Nisul and Niul

Netum, Filum, Thread, from the Celtick Neut.

Nervus, a Nerve, from the Celtick Nerven.

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Natura, Nature, comes from the Celtick Natur.

Nota, a Note, Mark, is derived from Nod of the Celtae among whom Nodi is the same as Notare.

Nanaea, a Famous Persian Goddess, called also Anaea; Nanaea seems to be derived from the Celtick, Nani, a Grandmother, in Latin Avia and Anaea was perhaps taken from Ana a Mother, or Nurse; and this seems to be so just, that Diana, which is nothing but the Moon,  signifies properly The Mother of the Light. From hence also comes the Greek Name , wrote usually , the Moon, or Diana. Its strange that neither the Greeks nor Romans, neither Plato nor Varro, could see so far. But the Persians, even to this Day, have a great many Words in their Language that come from that of the Celtae; which, considering what I have said on that Occasion, is not very strange. And consequently their Nanaea might easily come from the Celtick, Nani, Avia, a Grandmother; so that the Persians, who highly over-rated the Moon, by way of Honour might call it sometimes Nana, and at other Times Ana, i. e. Grandmother, or Mother, as their false Gods were called Fathers. These Things which have so much perplexed many Learned Men, and especially Commentators upon the Bible, justly required being cleared up a little for their better Information.

O

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O

Operari, to Act, Operate, comes from  the Celtick, Ober, which imports the same thing.

Oleum, OA from the Celtick, Oleu.

Officium, Office, comes from the Geltick, Office.

Occupare, to Occupy, from the Celtick, Occupi.

Obligare, to Oblige, to Bind, is taken from the Geltick, Obligea.

Ora; Terminus, End, Bound, or Limit, comes from the Celtick, Or.

Ordinare, to Order, put into Order, from the Celtick, Ordreui.

Occa, a Harrow, from the Celtick, Os, and Oguet; and Oguedi with them is the same Thing as Occare, to Harrow.

P

Panis, Bread, comes from the Celtick, Panen; and Barapanen, which signifies Unleavened Bread; from whence came the Latin Word Panic, and the

Greek     , and even , Papanum, Placenta, is a kind of Cake without any Leaven in it.

Presepe, a Stable, Manger, comes from the Celtick, Presep.

Pempe, the Ancient Word for Five, Quinque, was taken from the Celtick, Pemp, which implies the same Thing; from whence

the

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the AEolians made their  Quinque, and also their , Fifth. Picas, and Picas-Martius, a wood pecker, comes from the Celtick, Pic, the word for that Bird, which in Ancient Times was had in much Esteem by the Celtae; and other Nations; their Princes and Augurs made their Divinations by them, before they went to war, from which they called it Picus- Martius. The word Pica comes from the same Origin, and both the one and the other are derived from Pic or Bec, which with the Gauls  signified a Beak, because these Sort of Birds continually peck the Trees with their Beaks.

Pretium, Price, Value, comes from the Celtick Pris, which is the same Thing; and Pris anciently signified a Reward among the Celtae, which they made of the best and most valuable Spoils of the Enemy, and this sort of Recompence was an Acknowledgement of ones Valour.

Porta, a Gate, Entry, comes from the Celtick word Portb ; from which they also made Portus, a Heaven, by which Merchandizes are brought into Cities. In like manner from Porth, an Haven, or Harbour, comes the Celtick word Porthi, Portare, Ferre, to carry, because that it was to and from those Ports they imported and exported Goods.

Pellis, the Skin; comes from the Celtick, Pil, the Bark of a Tree, the Skin being as it were the same Thing for covering the Body, that, is the flesh and Bones, of an Animal, as the Bark is for a Tree; and hence

comes

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comes the Word Peel so taken from the Skin or Rind of a Thing.

Purpura, Purple, comes from the Celtick, Porsor; whence it is plain the Greeks made , Purple: In short, the Ancient Gauls frequently made use of Scarlet and Purple. and adorned their Bodies with them, after one manner of Dress or another.

Paena, Pain, Punishment, comes from the Celtick Word Poen, or Poan, which being writ with an oe,, the Romans retained and pronounced it in their Language; they did the same in Respect to Coena, that is derived from Coen; to Foennm, that is taken from Coen, and some others. Tho' the Modern Latines changed the Ancient Pronunciation, yet they usually retained the Ancient Way of writing Poena, Coena, Foenum; and some, without any Reason, have affected to change this Method and Usage.

Postis, a Post, comes from the Celtick word, Pen, which is the same Thing.

Postilena, a Horse Crupper, comes from the Celtick Postoluyn.

Pennines Mons, and Apenninus, the Apennine Hills, comes from the Celtick word Pen, or Penn, a Head, Top, or high Place; and perhaps they were the Umbrian: and the Sabines:, who were the Descendants of the Celtae; that anciently gave these Mountains of Italy this Name.

Punctum, a Point, is borrowed of the Celtae, who say Poent.

Pondo, a Pound, comes from the Celtick, Punt.

Pondus,

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Pondus, a weight, is formed from the Celtick Ponner, or Pynner; and because it comes from Ponner, it preserves its Origin, making Ponderis, and not Ponneris, in the Genitive Case.

Porrum, a Leek, is taken from the Celtick, Pourr.

Pratum, a Meadow, from the Prat ; and so Vitro is in the wrong, in deriving it from puration, ready.

Porchus, a Hog, comes from the Celtick, Porch.

Populus, People, from the Celtick, Poble.

Pisum,  Pease, comes from the Celtick, Pis.

Plectere, to Bend, Fold from Plethu of the Celtae.

Praesto, Ready, comes from the Celtick, Prest.

Pompa, Pomp, Ostentation, comes from the Celtick, Pompa; and the Celtae say Pompadi, to Appear Gay and Ostentatious.

Pellere, to drive away, from Pell, Far, still used by the Celtae’s Descendants.

Puls, Hasty-pudding, comes from the Celtick, Pouls, for in some Places they call the Latin Pultes, so; from hence also came the word Pulmentum.

Plicare, to Fold, comes from the Celtick, Plega,

Parare, anciently signified to Dress, Adorn, for the Celtae used the word Para to signifie the same Thing; in short, Paratus, and Apparatus, in Latin, is the same as Apparel or Ornament.

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R

Raya, a Thornback , a Fish, the word was borrowed from the Celtick, Rae, which is the same Thing.

Rana, a Frog, from the Celtick, Ran.

Rastellum a Rake, comes from the Celtick, Rastel.

Ratio, Reason, comes from the Celtick, Raeson.

Radere, to Shave, comes from the Celtick, Raza.

Regnare, to Reign, from the Celtick, Renn, or Regn.

Remedium, Remedy, from the Celtick, Remet.

Rhythmus, Rhime, comes from the Celtick, Rim.

Rota, a Wheel, from the Celtick, Rot, or Rhod.

Ruina, Ruin, from the Celtick, Rheuni.

Resina, Rosin, from the Celtick, Rousin.

Rosa, a Rose, from the Celtick Ros, and Rosen.

Runae, and Runisie Literae, Runick Characters, those made use of by the Ancient Northern People, especially the Cimbri of Jutland, the Danes and the Swedes. These Letters, of which I have spoken at large elsewhere, were very Ancient, and no more than Sixteen; they served to make Calenders and Inscriptions in Honour of the Northern Princes and Heroes and they were more particularly much used in Enchant-ments

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ments and Magick, and its likely that it was from thence they were named Rune, and Runise Literae; for Rhin, from whence Runa is formed, in the Cimbrick. and Celtick Tongues signifies a secret and hidden Mystery, and Rhinian, Enchantments: Women of greatest Quality were much given to these secret Magical Mysteries; and for this Reason they called them Runes, or Adelrunes in the North, which signifies Noble Runes and nothing of Moment was undertaken without Consulting them, they being esteemed as it were the Oracles and Interpreters of the Gods.

Rhea, the Daughter of Uranus., the Wife of Saturn, and the Mother of Jou, whom the Latins called Joupiter, and we now Jupiter. The Name of this Potent Princess„ of whom they ignorantly made a Goddess, seems to be derived from the Celtick Word Rhy, which is the same as Dominus, or Lord, and so Rhea signifies no more than a Lady.

And indeed she must have been a great Lady, since her Husband Saturn, who was Abraham's Cotemporary, ruled over the Lesser Asia, and the greater Part of Europe ; as we have already shown in the Preceding Part of this Work. 

Rhodanus, the Rhosne a very rapid River of Gaul, from which Rapidness it seems to have taken its Name; for the Celtae used the Word Rhedeg for Running or Going fast; and some there are who pronounce it Rheden, as I am inform'd, for they still retain different Pronunciations and Dialects. If that be so, I have no Reason to doubt but Rho-

danus        -------------------------------------------------

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danus comes from Rheden, by reason of its swift Course; on the other hand Arar, which is the Soan, was so called from the Gentleness and Slowness of its Motion. It would be no hard matter to give the Origin of the Names of the other great Rivers of France, no more than of that of the People and Cities of that Vast and Renowned Kingdom; it must be waved at present, it may perhaps be done upon another Occasion.

S

Saburra, Sand, or Ballast for Ships, comes from the Celtick, Sabr; and from thence came the Latin Saburrare, to Ballast a Ship.

Secale, Rye, a Sort of Grain, comes from the Celtick, Segal.

Scutella, a Porringer, comes from the Celtic, Scutell.

Spuma, Froth, from the Celtick, Spoum; as the Verb Spumare, comes from Spouma.

Sapor, Savour, Taste; comes from the Celtick, Saour.

Sapo, Soap, comes from the Celtick, Sabon.

Stagnum, a Pool, comes from the Celtck, Stanc, as from

Stanca comes Stagnare, which properly signifies to flop or Stanch, though sometimes to overflow.

Stallum, a Stall, is derived from the Celtick Word Stall.

Suca-         -------------------------------------------------

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Sucala, this anciently signified a small Hog, and is taken from Sica, in old Times a Hog, and all of them came from the Celtick, Sic, that denotes the same Thing; and hence the Romans rightly enough called those Stars Succulae, which now adays are placed in the Head of Taurus, and were named GREEK, Porcelli, by the Grecians; for you must observe, that this Word is derived from GREEK, Sues, Porci, and not from GREEK, Pluere, to Rain, as the Greeks would have it, and as it is generally taken to be derived at this Day.

Its very likely that that Knot of Stars that are about the other Part of Taurus, had formerly another Name in the Northern Barbarian Sphear (Sphere?), which was the first and Ancientest of any.

For I Shall show in another Place, that the Grecians borrowed it of them, but added to, and made great Alterations in it. This will require some Time to make out.

Scrinium, a Casket, comes from the Celtick, Sgrin, or Ysgrin.

Sagitta, an Arrow, is taken from the Celtick Word Saeth.

Succus, Juice, from the Celtick, Sug.

Scope, Brooms, from the Celtick, Sgub, or Ysgub.

Summa, a Summ, from the Celtick, Som, and Summ.

Solea, the Soal of a Shooe, from the Celtick, Sol ; but Soll is the same as Solea, Piscis, a Sole, which is a Fish.

Sol, the Sun, does not come from the Latin Solus, as Varro fancies, but from the

Cel-        ------------------------------------------------- 

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Celtick, Sul, or Soul, the Sun; whence they say Disul, Sunday.

Sagena a Net, from the Celtic Seigne.

Stupa, Tow, from the Celtick, Stoup.

Scapha, a Skif, from the. Celtick, Schif; and Esquif.

Saltare, to Leap, comes from the Celtick, Sailla, which imports the same Thing; and thence Salii, the Ancient Salians, who were wont to dance and caper, Armed, not unlike to the Ancient Curetes, who were entrusted with the Education of Jupiter.

Sallere and Salire, to Dance, comes from Salla, signifying the same Thing.

Saturnus, Saturn, a famous King of the Titans, who, as well as the Celtae; called him Sadorn, and Sadurn, from which the Lakes made Saturnus, Strong, Potent, Warlike; and this is so clear, that the Descendants of the Celtae at this very Day call Dies Saturni, Saturday, Di Sadorn, as they call Dies Jovis, Thursday, consecrated to Jupiter, Di Jou.

Our Hebraicians are therefore out, in endeavouring to deduce Saturn from Satar, to hide, as they would derive Jovis:, or Jupiter, from Jehovah. These potent Princes, in their Time, had their Names from the Language of the People, who then were called Titans, and afterwards Celtae, or Gauls, as we have before showed at Large.

>>I agree with Pezron in that the origins of the names varying as Jou, Jovie, Jove, Jupiter are of Celtic origins. But this is no way means there was no intent to be similar, by the will of Satan, to have many similarities with Jehovah, as if to suggest they are one and the same or are related. Jeho in particular, is very similar to Jove and in German, the e would be a small e or small a sound so that Jove becomes Jova or Joveh. One might wonder about this similarity. The Roman version has this similarity due to strong Celtick origins for much of its peoples. On the other hand, The Greek version, Zeus, is quite different even though many Greek words have substantial amounts of Celtic among their heritage and founding.<<

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TATA, an old Word for Father, as Mamma was for Mother. The First of these, that is used by Infants, comes from the Celtick, Tat, or Tad, Father, as Mom is Mother. The Greeks from Tata have formed Greek, by the transposing of a Letter, which signifies Father, as well as Papa, which was taken also from the Celtae; which is a Sign their Language spread very far in Ancient Times: As for the Words Pater and Mater, they came Originally from the Phrygians ; as we have showed elsewhere.

Terra, Earth, Ashes, comes from the Celtick, Terr, and Tir.

Thronus, a Throne, from the Celtick, Tron.

Taberna, a Tavern, from the Celtick, Tavarn.

Taurus, a Bull, from the Celtick, Tero, and Tarts.

Tres, and Tria, Three, from the Celtick, Tri.

Triginta, Thirty, from the Celtick, Tregant.

Terminus, a Bound, or Limit, from the Celtick, Termen.

Tormentum, Torment, comes from the Celtick, Tourmant.

Turris, a Tower, is formed from the Celtick, Tur.

Taranis,        -------------------------------------------------

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Taranis, a Name, given by some of the Latines to Jupiter, signifying Thunderer; for Taran is Thunder in Celtick.

Tabula, Mensa, a Table, from the Celtick, Taul, and Daul.

Torques, a Chain, Collar, is formed from the Celtick, Torch.

Tornus, a Turner, from the Celtick, Turn.

Titulus, a Title, from the Celtick, Titl, and Tiltr.

Toga, a fort of Roman Habit, that came Originally from the Pelasgians, or Arcadians; and perhaps is derived from the Celtick, Toc, or Tog, which signifies a Hat, or Covering for the Head. For indeed, the Romans in wet Weather covered their Heads with the Lappets of their Gowns or Robes; hence the Greeks called this Garment GREEK, a Word that seems to be a Compound of Tec and Pen, or Ben, i.e. Tectum Capitis, a Covering for the Head.

Tania, is the Termination of a great many Words, as Aquitania, Lusitania, Brittania, for so it ought to be writ. It comes from Tan, or Stan, which signifies a Country, or Region, as we find it at this Day to do in the East, and especially amongst the Persians. And so Brittania signifies the Country of the Brittons; Aquitania, a Country of Waters, but of such as are Hot and Medicinal; Lusitania, the Country of the Lulians, a Celtick People originally, from whom came the Portuguese.

Tyrannus, in Greek { Tdeyvv&P }, anciently signified a King, but since, a Tyrant. It

comes       -------------------------------------------------

297

comes from the Celtick, Teyrn, which is properly a King; hence Teyrnas, in the Old Brittish or Welch Tongue, is at this Day the same as Regnum, a Kingdom, and Teyrnasu as regere and imperare, to Reign and Command. The Greeks and Romans in Process of Time took this Word in an ill Sense, for one that governed in a Tyrannical Manner. 

V

Venenum, Poison, comes from the Celtick Word Vinim, or

Vehn, that imports the same.

Viginti, Twenty, comes also from the Celtick, Viguent, and Ugaint.

Unus, One, from the Celtick, Un, and Unan.

Ventus, the Wind, from the Celtick, Vint.

Vinum, Wine, from the Celtick, Vin, Gouin.

Uncia, an Ounce, from the Celtick, Untie; and Urns.

Vir, a Man, comes from the Celtick, Ur, that signifies the same thing. They also say Or, and Gur, from whence they say Gar in some Provinces; and Garzon is the Modern French for a Boy or Youngman.

Vipera, a Viper, comes from the Gluck, Viber.

 Variare, to Vary, Diversify, is taken from the Celtick, Varia. Violare, to Corrupt, Violate, comes from the Celtick, Violi.

Vacca,        -------------------------------------------------

298 

Vacca, a Cow, comes from the Celtick, Veuch, and Beuch.

Virgo, a Maid, Young Woman, comes from the Celtick, Verches.

Videre, to See, Observe, comes from Vere, Specula, among the Celtae.

Undecem, Eleven, from the Celtick, Undec. They also use Duodec for Twelve, and Tridec for Thirteen, and so on to Twenty; from which it is plain, the Romans had their Numbers from them appears from Decent, taken from the Celtick, Dec, as well as the Greek Dina ; and we may depend upon it, that not only all the Latin, but also Greek Numbers, were anciently taken from the Celtick, or Titan Language.

Vindemia, Vintage, comes from the Celtick word Vendem, signifying the same thing. Hence we find that in some Parts of Bretagne, they use Mis Bendem, that is, the Vintage Month, for September.

Venus, in the Genitive Veneris, an Imaginary Goddess, derived from the Celtick, Venn., or Guenner, that properly signifies a white and beautiful Person, such as Profane and Heathen Nations took her to be; I say took her to be, for I am confident there never was any Woman or Princess upon Earth of this Name, of whom they made a Goddess for what was said of her in this kind was mere Fiction, as well as of Mars, the God of War.

But the same cannot be said of Saturn and Jou, or Jupiter; of Rhea and Juno, or Jolinte, who were real Princesses, and the Wives of those two potent Kings, who had divine Honours paid them,

upon       -------------------------------------------------

 299

Upon the Account of their great Power and the Sovereign Authority they had in Greece, Italy, and all the West.

End of chapter II (2)


Chap. III. (3)        A Table of the Teutonick, or German Words, that are taken from the Celtick Language.

A

Ancker, the Anchor of a Ship, comes from the Celtick, Angor, importing the same Thing.

Autear, an Altar, comes from the Celtick, Altar.

Arm, signifies that Part of a man that reaches from should to shoulder to the Vvrift, and comes from Arm of the Celtae.

Alb, Alf, and Alp, white, from the Celtick, Alp.

Arcke, a little Chest , from the Celtick, Arch.

Aerde and Eerde, Earth, from the Celtick, Aer, and Er.

Abel, Skilful, Capable, from the Celtick, Abl, and Abel.

Amme, a Nurse, good Mother, is taken from the Celtick, Mam, a Mother.

Appel, and Apfel, an Apple comes from the Celtick, Aval.

Ackse,

300            >>Pagination/Print errors in the 1706 printing said this was Chapter II but it is 3.<<

Ackse, and Aeekse, an Ax, taken from the Celtick, Hasche.

Acker, a Field, Manur’d Land, from the Celtick, Acre

Alle and Al, All, comes from the Celtick, Oll.

Ambacht, a Servant, comes from the Celtick, word Ambact.

B 

Bancke, a Bench, Table, from the Celtick, Banc.

Bancket, Banquet, Feast, from the Celtick, Banquet.

Bloed, Blood, from the Celtick, Goed.

Baniere, Ensigns, Colours, from the Celtick, Banniar.

Bock, a He-goat, comes from the Celtick, Buch, and Bouch.

Baestard, a Bastard, from the Celtick, Bastard;  being as much as to say one of a base and mean descent.

The Letter C in the Teutonick Language, being the same as K, it will be met with there, after I , and so we go to D.

                                                             D

Dore, Deure, and Thur, a gate Door of a house, was taken from the Celtae, who named it Dor.

Danssen, to dance, Caper, from the Celtick, Dansa.

Disch, a Dish,  comes from the Celtick, Disq.

Drii and Driie, Three, from the Celtick, Tri.

Dop and Toppe, Trump, or Top, comes from the Celtick, Top

Diet, People, comes from the Celtick, Teut, or Tud, Men, or People; it also signifies the Earth. I am confident the Teutons, afterwards called Germans, have from thence taken their Name, or at least from the Teuth, Mercury.

Dag

Dagghe, a Dagger, or Poniard, from the Celtick, Dag.

Druck, Oppression, Evil, Pain, from the Celtick, Drouc.

Duyne, Hillocks, Sand-hills, Downs, from the Celtick, Dun, a Hill.

Dal and Thal, a Valley, from the Celtick, Dole, a Low but Fruitful Place, such as Valleys are.

Daen, Deghen, a man, a Word only found in Compounds, as in Under-daen, a Subject; Deghen-man, a flout and valiant Man.  It comes from the Celtick, Dyn, a Man,

E

Esel, an Ass, from the Celtick, Assen.

Een, and Eyn, from the Celtick,Un.

Eere, and Aere, to till the Earth, comes from the Celtick, Arat.

Ey, and Eye, an Egg, from the Celtick,Vy.

Eere, and Aere, comes from the Celtick, Er, and Ar, that signifies Earth.

F

Fael, Error, Defect, Fault, comes from the Celtick, Fael.

Feeste, a Feast, Solemnity, from the Celtick, Feast.

Fatsoen, Fashion, Mode, Manner, from the Celtick, Fezon.

Fisck,

303

Fisck, Publick Treasure, taken from the Celtick, Fisc.

Flattern, to Flatter, comes from the Celtick, Flatra.

Forneys, Furnace, comes from the Celtick, Fornes, and this from Forn, that in Gaulish was an Oven.

Frau, an unmarried Woman, a Virgin, from the Celtick, Frau, which signifies Fair, Beautiful, that suits a Young Woman.

Form, and Vorme, form, Figure, comes from the Celtick, Furm.

Frisch, Fresh, comes from the Celtick, Fresc.

Fritten, to Roast, Fry, was borrowed from the Celtick, Fritta.

Fiin, and Fiine, End, Bound, from the Celtick, Fin.

Franck, and Vranck, Free, Frank, from the Celtick, Franck;  from which Word came the Name of the Franks, or French that settled in Gaul;  and signified as much as a Free People.

G

Graem, a Grain, comes from the Celtick, Graum.

Griis, Grey, or grows Gray, from the Celtick, Gris.

Gressie, a Graft, comes from the Celtick, Gress.

Glee, a Wave, Gulph, from the Celtick,Golf.

Ghioole, Goal, Prison, from the Celtick, Geol.

Gliisc 

304

Ghiisc, Guise, Manner, Mode, comes from the Celtick, Guis.

Gaerde, Regard, Observation, from the Celtick, Goard.

Guerand, Warrant from the Celtick, Goarend.

Guerd, an Orchard, Garden, from the Celtick, Gard.

Glass, Glass, and yellow Amber, comes from the Celtick, Glas;  which signified Glass, and a green Colour.

Gans, or Ganse, a Goose, comes from the Celtick, Canz, and Goaz.

Gaernizoen, a Garrison, comes from the Celtick, Goarnizon.

H

Hasten, to haste, Go quick, from the Celtick, Hasta.

Hall, an open Market house, or place where they put Merchandize, from the Celtick, Hall.

Hors, and Horse, a Horse, comes from the Celtick, Ross.

Heel, Whole, from the Celtick, Oll.

Hoaren, and Horn, from the Celtick, Corn.

Haven, Port, Haven, from the Celtick, Hafn.

Harp, a Harp, a Musical Instrument, from the Celtick, Harp, Support, and Harpa, to support, because they hold up this instrument in Order to play upon it.

I

305

I

Ia, that is, Yes, from whence comes the Latin Ita, is taken from the Celtick, Ia, for Yes.

K

Kiste, a Casket, small chest, comes from the Celtick, Cist.

Kock, a Cook, from the Celtick, Coq.

Kocke, and old Word that signifies a Cock, taken from the Celtick, Coq.

Karre, a Chariot, or Cart, taken from the Celtick, Carr.

Kroone, crown, comes from the Celtick, Curun, or Cruyne.

Karcher, a Prison, from the Celtick, Carchar.

Kappuyn, a Copon, from the Celtick, Capon, and Cabon.

Kansse, Chance, Fortune, from the Celtick, Chance.

Kalm, Calm, Quiet, from the Celtick, Calm.

Kampen and Kempen, To Fight, from the Celtick, Campa, Pugnare, as Camp signifies Combat, Fight.

Karmen, To Cry out, to Lament, from the Celtick, Carm and Garm, the Shout and Noise they made in War.

Kaban, a Hut, or little Lodge, comes from the Celtick, Caban.

Kabel, Cable, Rope, from the Celtick, Cabl, and Chabl.

Kalck, Chalk, from the Celtick, Calch.

Kalf,                               

306

Kalf, a gross, or fat Man, from the Celtick, Galb, and Calb; thence came they in Gaul to give the Name of Galban, to him that was Roman Emperor, because of his being so fat.

Kappe, a Crew of Seamen, or Soliders, taken from the Celtick, Cap.

Kare, and Kaerken, a Friend, beloved Person, from the Celtick, Car, dear and beloved Friend.

Katte, and Katz, a Cat, comes from the Celtick, Caz.

Ketene, a chain, from the Celtick, Kaden, or Chaden.

Kraene, a Crane, from the Celtick, Cus.

Koole, Cabbage, from the Celtick, Caul.

Kille, and Kielle, a Port, or Station for Ships, from the Celtick, Cale.

Kenneb, Hemp, from the Celtick, Canab.

Keuchene, and Kokene, a Kitchin, from the Celtick, Queguin.

>>It was Kitchin in the time of Pezron, but its now Kitchen in English. The QUE is pretty much a K’eh sound.<<

Kaese, and Kase, Cheese, from the Celtick, Kaus.

Kasse, a little Box or Case, from the Celtick, Cass.

Koor, a Choir, wherein they sing, from the Celtick, Chor.

Kerse, and Kirse, Cherise, Fruit, from the Celtick,Kiris.

Kastanie, and Kelcen, Chesnut, from the Celtick, Kesten.

307

L

Lampraye, a Lamprey, a Sort of Fish, from the CeItick, Lamprez.

Laterne, a Lantern, from the Celtick, Leern.

Lard, Bacon, from the Celtick, Lard.

Leeuv, and Leuv, a Lyon, from the Celtick, Leu.

Lancie, and Lanss, a Lance, or Javelin,from the Celtick, Lance.

Lastagie, Ballast for Ships, from the Celtick, Lart but Lart in High Dutch is Weights, Burden, etc.

Lavender, Lavender, from the Celtick, Lavand.

Leppe, and Lippe, a Lip, from the Celtick, Lap, and Lippe.

Lyn, and Lan, Flax, from the Celtick, Lin.

Leder, and Leer, Leather, comes from the Celtick. Ledr, and Leza.

Logys, a House, Inn, from the Celtick, Loge, and Logis.

Lot, Share, Portion, Lot, from the Celtick, Lot.

M

Mamme, and Memme, Mother, Nurse, from the Celtick, Mam, a Mother.

Marck, and Merch, Mark, Sign, Bound, from the Celtick, Marc, and Merq.

Maerc, an Old Word for a Horse, and taken from the Celtick, March, Margh.

309

Note, a Mark, Sign, from the Celtick, Nod, and Not.

Nobel, a Noble, Brave Man, from the Celtick, Nobl.

Nespel, and Mispel, a Medlar, from the Celtick, Mesper.

Neen, and Ne, Not, None, from the Celtick, Ne.

O

Oester, an Oyster, comes from the Celtick, Istr.

Olie, Oyl, taken from the Celtick, Eol.

Oncie, an Ounce, from the Celtick, Oncz.

Oogbst, Harvest, August, comes from the Celtick, Eaust, that signifies the same Thing.

Oeksel, the Arm-hole, Arm-pit, comes from the Celtick, Asquel, and Casel.

P

Pappe, Pap for an infant, comes from the Celtick, Pap, that signifies the same Thing; from whence came the Latin Word, Pappare.

Peek, Pitch, from the Celtick, Pec.

Picken, to Peck, Prick, from the Celtick, Pigo.

Pyle, to Stake, a sharp-pointed Stick, from the Celtick, Pill.

Pyne, and Pene, Pain, from the Celtick, Poen.

Planten, to plant, from the Celtick, Planta.

Perdrys, a Park, Enclosure, comes from the Celtick, Park.

Pluyme, a Feather, Qnill, from the Celtick, Plun, and Pluen.

Pell, a march, from the Celtick, Pul, and Poul.

Poorte, Gate, Entry, from the Celtick, Porz, and Porzh.

Pouer, Poor, Indigent, from the Celtick, Paour.

Prys, Price, Value, from the Celtick, Pris.

Popel, People, from the Celtick, Pobl.

Post, the Post of a Door, taken from the Celtick, Post.

R

310 

R

Rad, a wheel, come from the Celtick, Rod.

Ransoen, Ransom, from the Celtick, Ranzon.

Ryme, Rhime, from the Celtick, Rim.

Rootse, a Rock, from the Celtick, Roch.

Roof, Prey, Spoils, a Thing stolen, from the Celtick, Rob.

Rente, Revenue, Rent, comes from the Celtick, Rent.

Ranke, Order, Rank, from the Celtick, Renc.

Rasyn, and Raessen, a Grape, from the Celtick, Resin.

Ratte, a Rat, from the Celtick, Raz, and Rat.

Rycke, Rich, Wealthy, comes from the Celtick, Rich; the Word originally signifies Strong, and Potent;  And as those who had most Strength did by their Depredations and Robberies heap up most Riches; thence came the Word, Rich, for a Rich and Wealthy Man.

S

Saffraen, Saffron, from the Celtick, Safraon. Schaerlaet, Scarlet, from the Celtick, Scarlat.

Soppe, Pottage, Soop, from the Celtick, Soupe, and Souben.

Stoppe, Tow, from the Celtick, Stoup.

Stronk, a Stock, Trunk of a Tree, or the like, from the Celtick, Trong.

Sold, and Soud, Soldiers Pay, taken from the Celtick, Sold; from whence the Celtick Word Soldur, that is, a Man of War, or in Pay;  and so the Soldurii in Caesar’s Commentaries.

Some, and Somme, a Charge, Summ, from the Celtick, Sum, a Charge.

Sterre, and Sterne, a Star, from the Celtick, Ster, and Ser.

Suer, and Soer, Soure, Sharp, Acid, from the Celtick, Sur; from whence came the Word Surette, for Sorrel.

Scho-

311

Scholet; a Porringer, from the Celtick, Sudel.

Sacki, Sacking, Spoiling, from the Celtick, Sac;  And thence the German Word Sack-man, for a Robber, High-way-man.

Sayd, and Sud, South Country, comes from the Celtick, Su, South;  and in that Language, Auel-su is the South-wind.

T

Tapiit, And Tapeet, Tapestry, comes from the Celtick, Tapier.

Teyte, Tata, Father, from the Celtick, Tad, that imports the same Thing.

Tavern, a tavern, Publick-house, from the Celtick, Tavarn.

Tand, a Tooth, from the Celtick, Dant, and Dent.

Tackse, and Tasc, Tax, Tribute, Impost, from the Celtick, Tasg, and Tass.

Tafel, a Table, from the Celtick, Table, and Taul.

Teeren, to Tear, Tread under Feet, from the Celtick, Terri.

Tiinz, Thyme, an Herb, from the Celtick Teim.

Titte, and Tuyte, the Nipple, from the Celtick Teth.

Termyn, and Term, Bound, Limit, from the Celtick, Termen.

Tonne, and Tunne, a tun, cask, from the Celtick, Tonne.

Torck, and Tortse, a Torch, or Flambeau, from the Celtick, Torch.

Toll, and Zoll, Toll, Tribute, from the Celtick, Tol, and Toll.

Torre, and Thurn, a Tower, from the Celtick, Ture, and Tour

Tas, a Knot, Heap, from the Celtick, Tas, and Das.

Talie, signifies Cutting off our out, which came from the Celtick, Taill;  from which the Ancient Latins took Taliare, and Intaliare, to cut out or off;  and Pliny, if I mistake not, Somewhere uses Talio for Surculus Incisus.

312

came from the Celtick, Taill;  from which the Ancient Latins took Taliare, and Intaliare, to cut out or off;  and Pliny, if I mistake not, Somewhere uses Talio for Surculus Incisus.

V

Vorcke, a Pitch-fork, comes from the Celtick, Forch.

Versch, Fresh, New, from the Celtick, Pil, Bark.

Vaene, and Vane, Banner, Ensign, Flag, comes from the Celtick, Ban, High, Raised, and thence the Word Baniere.

Valsch, and Falsch, False, Not true, taken from the Celtick, Fols.

Vasten, and Vesten, to Fix, Fasten, Order, comes from the Celtick, Festa, that signifies the same Thing; And so the Celtick Fest is a Feast, Solemnity,

Because Feasts were usually made on fix’d Days.

Vorme, Form, Figure, from the Celtick, Form, and Furm.

Vont, a Vault, from the Celtick, Volc.

Visch, and Fisch, Fith, from the Celtick, Pesc, or Pesq.

Vrank, Frank, Free, from the Celtick, Franc.

Venyn, Poison, from the Celtick, Venim, and Benim.

F I N I S.

Jones the Translator:   I am sensible some Mistakes have happened in the Printing, its easie to fix the Cause:  I shall only take notice of Two:  Page 83, Line 30, instead of After, read Before.  Pag. 109, L 16, after Saviour’s, read Time, and had not his.

END OF BOOK 3   &   END OF THE ENTIRE BOOK

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